photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Jan Karpiel Bułecka, Podhale bagpipe, Hanna Chowaniec Rybka, złóbcoki, the band also includes the violin and double bass; rec. All the World's Mazurkas, Warsaw 2014; IMIT
Local name: koza (goat)
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 422 Reedpipes / 422.2 Reedpipes with single reeds (clarinets) / 422.22 Sets of reedpipes with single reeds / 422.22-7+422.211-62 set of chanter, drones with cylindrical bore, chanter with fingerholes + single-reed drone with cylindrical bore, flexible air reservoir for all pipes
Maker: Kuchta Adam
Date: 1970
Village / Town: Bukowina Tatrzańska
Region: Carpathian area (Podhale)
Country: Poland
Owner: Museum of Folk Musical Instruments in Szydłowiec
Inventory number: MS/S/75
Description: a mouth blown instrument; four voices, with a short triple chanter-drone pipe (5+1 fingerholes) and a long drone pipe ending in a hyperbolic bell (of a clarinet type); all pipes with cylindrical bores; bag made of a goat's whole skin with hair on the inside
Decoration: richly decorated; the connector between the chanter-drone triple pipe and the bag has the shape of a stylized goat head, with geometrical inlays and horns decorated with metal; pipes and mouthpiece embellished with turned moldings; geometrical motives engraved on mouthpiece, drone pipe with metal rings; joints decorated with studded leather and tassels
Measurements: the triple pipe 146 mm, drone 760 mm
Materials: wood, leather, metal, cloth
Sound compass, tuning: F: c': f': g' – a' – b♭'/b' – c'' – d'' (now stabilized, formerly different scales and tunings)
Performance practice: formerly played solo (by shepherds, wandering musicians), nowadays in folk revival, sometimes included in Podhale bands. The ability to build and play the Podhale bagpipe, or goat, were included on the National List of Intangible Cultural Heritage.
Catalog card by: Maria Żurowska / Zbigniew J. Przerembski

Sabała and Zbójnickie melodies; Tomasz Skupień (b. 1955, Zakopane), Podhale bagpipe; rec. Zakopane 1976; Sources of Polish Folk Music

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