photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Rafał Bałaś, The Golec Brothers Foundation; rec. Maciej Stasiński, Żywiec 2017
Local name: piscołka, piscàłka
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 421 Edge instruments or flutes / 421.2 Flutes with duct or duct flutes / 421.22 Flutes with internal duct / 421.221 (Single) flutes with internal duct / 421.221.1 Open flutes with internal duct / 421.221.12 Open flutes with internal duct, with fingerholes
Maker: Szczotka Franciszek
Date: 1966
Village / Town: Kamesznica
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/739
Description: profiled body with six fingerholes; conical duct, hollowed out and burt out in a branch; the most common type of pipe in Poland's Carpathian region
Decoration: profiled body
Measurements: 352 mm
Materials: wood
Sound compass, tuning: diatonic scale; the range of two octaves may be achieved with the use of overblowing; the player may produce chromatic sounds by leaving the fingerholes partly open or using the piper's grip (which is rare in folk performance practice); a pipe's tone and tuning depends on the layout of fingerholes, the instrument's size and precision of its execution
Performance practice: mainly played solo
Catalog card by: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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