vessel flute

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Rafał Bałaś, The Golec Brothers Foundation; rec. Maciej Stasiński, Żywiec 2017
Local name: okarina, leokaryna, łokaryna, sulka
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 421 Edge instruments or flutes / 421.2 Flutes with duct or duct flutes / 421.22 Flutes with internal duct / 421.221 (Single) flutes with internal duct / 421.221.4 Vessel flutes with duct / 421.221.42 With fingerholes / 421.221.422 Vessel flutes with duct, with two or more fingerholes
Maker: Szczotka Franciszek
Date: 1966
Village / Town: Milówka
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/759
Description: ocarina-type instrument, with seven fingerholes in two rows (3 + 4), made from a thick taproot, with one of the branch roots serving as a handle to the scoop hollowed out in the taproot
Measurements: 180 x 240 mm
Materials: wood
Sound compass, tuning: diatonic, major scale; the range of two octaves may be achieved with the use of overblowing; the player may produce chromatic sounds using the piper's grip (which is rare in folk performance practice); a flute's tone and tuning depends on the layout of fingerholes, the instrument's size and precision of its execution
Performance practice: musical instrument combined with a scoop, the maker's innovation perhaps drawing on shepherd traditions
Catalog card by: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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