violin-like instrument

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Piotr Szczotka, The Golec Brothers Foundation; rec. Maciej Stasiński, Żywiec 2017; instrument made by Rafał Bałaś (Żywiec)
Local name: gęśle
Classification: 3 Chordophones / 32 Composite chordophones / 321 Lutes / 321.3 Handle lutes / 321.32 Necked lutes / 321.322 Necked box lutes or necked guitars / 321.322-71 Necked box lutes or necked guitars sounded by bowing with a bow
Maker: Szwed Wiktor
Date: 1983
Village / Town: Pewel Mała
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/1957
Description: instrument with a spindle-shaped sound box, resembling a type of złóbcoki played in the region of Podhale, yet built of separate elements stuck together, not carved of one piece of wood; elongated f-holes without transverse cuts
Decoration: stained light brown and varnished; zoomorphic head
Measurements: 565 x 95 x 40 mm
Materials: wood (spruce, sycamore)
Inscriptions: maker’s label stuck inside the body with an inscription written in ballpoint pen: Szwed Wiktor / Pewel Mała 21. / Żywiec 1983
Sound compass, tuning: g – d1 – a1 – e2
Performance practice: instrument drawing on a historical folk instrument of the Carpathian region, mainly used to play solo, sometimes also a part of ensembles
Catalog card by: Barbara Rosiek / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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