photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Andrij Liaszuk, hurdy-gurdy; rec. All the World's Mazurkas, Warsaw 2014; IMIT
Local name: lira (lyre), lira kręcona (turned lyre), lira dziadowska, lira żebracza (beggar’s lyre), lira wiejska, (country lyre)
Classification: 3 Chordophones / 32 Composite chordophones / 321 Lutes / 321.3 Handle lutes / 321.32 Necked lutes / 321.322 Necked box lutes or necked guitars / 321.322-72 Necked box lutes or necked guitars sounded by bowing by a wheel
Maker: Wyżykowski Stanisław
Date: 1993
Village / Town: Haczów
Region: Lesser Poland (Subcarpathia)
Country: Poland
Owner: Museum of Folk Musical Instruments in Szydłowiec
Inventory number: MLIM/MS/1270
Description: a violinized body (of the shape of the cello), put together from slightly convex plates (each constructed from a few pieces) and slightly bent ribs; with a keybox and pegbox attached; two melody strings (inside the keybox, shortened by two rows of keys-tangents: 14+10) attached to a tailpiece, and two bourdon strings (outside of the keybox), fastened to the hooks on the top plate; strings get agitated by the rim of a wheel bow turned by a crank
Decoration: geometric and floral motives (including purfling) painted with drawing ink on the plates, ribs, tailpiece, covers of keybox and wheel bow, and on the pegbox; endpin in a zoomorphic form, profiled head of the crank
Measurements: 635 x 285-341 mm
Materials: wood, metal, leather
Inscriptions: Wykonawca Stanisław Wyżykowski 36 213 Haczów 578 woj. Krosno n/W Rok 1993 Poland
Sound compass, tuning: g : d': a'– a'' (chromatic scale)
Performance practice: formerly an instrument of wandering singers, revived in a modified form in the folk revival
Catalog card by: Monika Sadura / Zbigniew J. Przerembski
Design (PDF)

hurdy-gurdy; rec. Museum of Sound

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