wooden folk horn

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Piotr Bondarczuk (b. 1950), wooden folk horn (ligawka); rec. Jacek Jackowski, Ciechanowiec 2011; ISPAN
Local name: ligawa, ligawka, legawa, legawka
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 423 Labrosones (or lip-reed instruments) / 423.1 Natural labrosones / 423.12 Tubular labrosones / 423.121 End-blown labrosones / 423.121.2 End-blown labrosones with curved or folded tubes
Maker: Unknown
Date: 20th c.
Country: Poland
Owner: The State Ethnographic Museum in Warsaw
Inventory number: PME 4333
Description: a kind of horn (conical profile), made from a branch that is cut along in two halves, then each is hollowed, and finally both are put back together with the help of pitch and metal hoops
Measurements: 1260 mm
Materials: wood, metal
Sound compass, tuning: harmonics (aliquots) uttered by stronger or weaker blowing
Performance practice: formerly used as a signal instrument (mainly in herding); since 19th c. used during Advent and watchnight service on Christmas Eve (mainly in north-east and east regions of Poland); nowadays as part of folk revival
Catalog card by: Teresa Lewińska / Zbigniew J. Przerembski

Andrzej Klejzerowicz (b. 1961), wooden folk horn (ligawka); rec. Jacek Jackowski, Ciechanowiec 2005; ISPAN

Jan Maliszewski (b. 1927), wooden folk horn (ligawka); rec. Jacek Jackowski, Wieska 2006; ISPAN

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