mazanki (fiddle)Local name: mazanki
Classification: 3 Chordophones / 32 Composite chordophones / 321 Lutes / 321.3 Handle lutes / 321.32 Necked lutes / 321.322 Necked box lutes or necked guitars / 321.322-71 Necked box lutes or necked guitars sounded by bowing with a bow
Date: end of the 19th c.
Region: Greater Poland
Owner: Museum of Folk Musical Instruments in Szydłowiec
Inventory number: MS/268
Description: an older form of the mazanki (resonant body shaped as an eight, with slightly marked corners); back plate, ribs, neck, pegbox and endpin carved from one piece; three strings; one of bridge’s feet longer, going through an opening in the top plate and resting on the back plate, functioning as a soundpost; fingerboard and tailpiece flat; the scroll slightly outlined; f-holes without crosswise cuts
Measurements: 477 x 125 x 12-20 mm
Materials: wood, metal
Sound compass, tuning: in 5th (e.g. f' – c'' – g''), adjusted to the black goat's tuning, higher than the violin’s
Performance practice: an instrument with medieval roots; before World War I used during the ritual part of the wedding (wedding feast) together with the wedding bagpipe; after World War II reactivated in the S. Moniuszko Music School in Zbąszyń; now used in the folk revival, too. Kierski (1861): "From the arrival of the guests until the first supper, the violinist uses a small and very high-pitched violin called mazanki, and for the lack of one he ties up an ordinary violin almost in the middle, which makes it emit a shrill sound like the mazanki [he is accompanied by a musician playing a black goat]. For as long as the mazanki is playing, the groom should treat the guests to his vodka and beer and pay for any damage himself. But once the violin starts playing [which is accompanied by the white goat], all the costs for vodka and beer and other unforeseen expenses or damages should be borne by the wedding guests. Until supper, the guests remain in the fine clothes that they wore in the church; thereafter, they cast off their overcoats, don their cloth undercoats, made of navy blue cloth, and the merriment lasts until morning."
Catalog card by: Maria Żurowska / Zbigniew J. Przerembski
Oberek; Edward Rybicki (1908-1983, Stefanowo), mazanki; rec. Warsaw 1949; Sources of Polish Folk Music
Edward Rybicki, mazanki; rec. Jadwiga and Marian Sobieski, Chrośnica 1950; ISPAN