cymbały

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Fragment filmu Siła tradycji powstałego w ramach projektu "Muzyczny folklor Podkarpacia - badania terenowe", Muzeum Etnograficzne im. F. Kotuli w Rzeszowie, 2014
Classification: 3 Chordophones / 31 Simple chordophones or zithers / 314 Board zithers / 314.1 True board zithers / 314.12 With resonator / 314.122 With resonator box (box zither) / 314.122-4 True board zithers with resonator box (box zither) sounded by hammers or beaters
Maker: Unknown
Region: Subcarpathia
Country: Poland
Owner: Franciszek Kotula Ethnographic Museum in Rzeszów
Inventory number: MRE 5880 / 5560
Description: a trapezoidal body with 18 string courses, interchangeably 3 and 4 strings in each course, stretched between metal hitches and pegs (for tuning), supported by two rows of wooden bridges (8 and 6 bridges, respectively); two round resonance holes in the top plate;
melody strings stretched interchangeably with bass strings; melodic strings divided by bridges in a 2:3 ratio, due to which their left sections are pitched a fifth higher than their right sections; undivided bass strings; a hole for money collection in the top plate (money was take out through a latched side hole); the instrument was played using two wooden mallets
Decoration: resonance holes decorated with hexagonal rosettes
Measurements: 920 x 630 x 350 x 60 mm
Materials: wood (sycamore, spruce, beech, oak), metal
Sound compass, tuning: variable, usually the lowest tone G – d, scale: from two (sometimes incomplete) to over four octaves
Performance practice: formerly an instrument of Jewish and Romany musicians, later folk musicians; it was played solo or in bands, particularly in the Vilnius area, Rzeszów area, and in Subcarpathia, where the dulcimer became the musical hallmark of the region after World War II; dulcimers from the eastern part of Lesser Poland are usually bigger and louder than those from the Vilnius area
Catalog card by: Jolanta Pękacz / Zbigniew J. Przerembski


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