photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Jan Barańczuk, The Golec Brothers Foundation; rec. Maciej Stasiński, Żywiec 2017
Local name: skrzipki
Classification: 3 Chordophones / 32 Composite chordophones / 321 Lutes / 321.3 Handle lutes / 321.32 Necked lutes / 321.322 Necked box lutes or necked guitars / 321.322-71 Necked box lutes or necked guitars sounded by bowing with a bow
Maker: Cul Władysław
Date: 1981
Village / Town: Pewel Ślemieńska
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/1880
Description: folk violin modelled on classical violins, f-holes without transverse cuts
Decoration: sound box stained light brown and lightly varnished; fingerboard, tailpiece and pegs stained black
Measurements: 620 x 210 mm
Materials: wood (spruce, sycamore), metal
Inscriptions: maker’s label stuck inside the body with an inscription written in ballpoint pen: Cul Władysław lat 77 / Pewel Ślemieńska 234 / samo uk [sic!] 1981
Sound compass, tuning: g – d1 – a1 – e2; in bands consisting of violins and bagpipes, the violins were tuned to match the bagpipes' tuning (originally changeable, currently stabilised at F)
Performance practice: key component of folk bands
Catalog card by: Barbara Rosiek / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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