accordionLocal name: harmonia ciągana (pulled accordion, hand accordion)
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 41 Free aerophones / 412 Interruptive free aerophones / 412.1 Idiophonic interruptive aerophones or reeds / 412.13 Free reeds / 412.132 Sets of free reeds / 412.132-62-8 Sets of free reeds with flexible air reservoir, with keyboard
Maker: Stamirowski Piotr
Date: first half ot the 20th c.
Village / Town: Warsaw
Owner: Museum of Folk Musical Instruments in Szydłowiec
Inventory number: MLIM/MS/337
Description: a hand accordion (as opposed to the pedal typoe); diatonic; called "black"; two rows of melody keys (14+13), 12 basses
Decoration: body decorated with inlays and open work (geometrical motives)
Measurements: 335 x 191 x 311 mm
Materials: wood, leather, metal, celluloid
Sound compass, tuning: different tones are produced while pulling and pressing the bellows; modeled on German two-row accordions with the chromatic scale g – g''' or c – a'''
Performance practice: after World War I the accordion became a popular component of folk bands, mostly in Mazovia on the left side of the Vistula river (the areas of Łowicz and Rawa Mazowiecka) and in north Lesser Poland (the areas of Radom and Kielce)
Catalog card by: Maria Żurowska / Zbigniew J. Przerembski