wooden folk horn

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Local name: ligawka, ligawa, ligawka, legawa, legawka
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 423 Labrosones (or lip-reed instruments) / 423.1 Natural labrosones / 423.12 Tubular labrosones / 423.121 End-blown labrosones / 423.121.2 End-blown labrosones with curved or folded tubes / 423.121.22 With mouthpiece
Maker: Unknown
Date: XX w.
Country: Poland
Owner: Franciszek Kotula Ethnographic Museum in Rzeszów
Inventory number: MRE (bn)
Description: a kind of horn (conical profile), made from a branch that is cut along in two halves, then each is hollowed, and finally both are put back together with the help of pitch and metal and bast hoops; a wooden mouthpiece
Materials: wood, metal
Sound compass, tuning: harmonics (aliquots) uttered by stronger or weaker blowing
Performance practice: formerly used as a signal instrument (mainly in herding); since the 19th century used during Advent and midnight masses on Christmas Eve (mainly in north-east and east regions of Poland), nowadays as part of folk revival
Catalog card by: Zbigniew J. Przerembski

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