shepherd horn

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Łukasz and Paweł Golec, Instruments with Soul, rec. Maciej Stasiński 2016
Local name: tromba, trąba, róg do pasenia (horn used to shepherd goats, sheep)
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 423 Labrosones (or lip-reed instruments) / 423.1 Natural labrosones / 423.12 Tubular labrosones / 423.121 End-blown labrosones / 423.121.1 End-blown straight labrosones / 423.121.12 With mouthpiece
Maker: Szczotka Franciszek
Date: 1966
Village / Town: Kamesznica
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/745
Description: body made of a young spruce tree trunk, halved lengthways, hollowed and put back together with resin, wrapped up in bark and secured with rings made of root; mouthpiece shaped by woodturning; conical duct
Decoration: body and mouthpiece stained brown
Measurements: 3300 x 150 mm
Materials: wood (spruce), bark (cherry tree), root (juniper)
Sound compass, tuning: the player may produce individual sounds of a harmonic series (aliquots) by increasing or reducing the force with which he blows air into the horn; tuning depends on the instrument's length
Performance practice: originally used for signalling, driving spirits away (mainly by shepherds); nowadays used by artists of the folk revival
Catalog card by: Magdalena Meres / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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