hybrid bagpipes

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Local name: dudy, gajdy
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 422 Reedpipes / 422.2 Reedpipes with single reeds (clarinets) / 422.21 Individual reedpipes with single reeds / 422.211 With cylindrical bore / 422.211.2 With fingerholes / 422.211.2 + 422.211-62 Single-reed chanter with cylindrical bore, with fingerholes + single-reed drone with cylindrical bore, flexible air reservoir for all pipes
Maker: Rosseger Jan
Date: third quarter of the 20th c.
Village / Town: Rycerka Górna
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/1414
Description: bellows-driven instrument made of cylindrical, single-reed pipes: a chanter (6+1 fingerholes) and a drone, both ending in conical, arched, two-part bells; bag made of a whole skin, the white fur on the outside; the instrument is a hybrid made up of a chanter with 7 fingerholes characteristic for the Beskid Zywiecki bagpipe and bellows characteristic for the Beskid Śląski bagpipe; probably assembled from parts of different bagpipes [by Jan Kawulok?]
Decoration: profiled pipes with metal inlays (geometrical motifs); metal elements of the bells embossed, their openings fitted with openwork covers-dampers (geometrical motifs); connector between the chanter and the bag in a geometrical (hyperbolic) shape; connector between the drone and the bag fitted with stylised goat's ears
Measurements: 700 mm
Materials: wood, goat skin, cattle horn, metal
Sound compass, tuning: F: c1 – es1 – f1 – g1 – a1 – h1 – c2 – d2
Performance practice: key component of traditional folk bands in southern parts of the Żywiec area (Beskid Żywiecki)
Catalog card by: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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