Żywiec bagpipes

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Rafał Bałaś, The Golec Brothers Foundation; rec. Maciej Stasiński, Żywiec 2017
Local name: dudy, gajdy
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 422 Reedpipes / 422.2 Reedpipes with single reeds (clarinets) / 422.21 Individual reedpipes with single reeds / 422.211 With cylindrical bore / 422.211.2 With fingerholes / 422.211.2 + 422.211-62 Single-reed chanter with cylindrical bore, with fingerholes + single-reed drone with cylindrical bore, flexible air reservoir for all pipes
Maker: Piecha Antoni
Date: after 1945
Village / Town: Pewel Wielka
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/1809
Description: mouth-blown instrument made of cylindrical, single-reed pipes: a chanter (6+1 fingerholes) and a double-bent drone, both ending in conical, arched, two-part bells; attribution to A. Piecha uncertain – the instrument could have been made by Jan Kubies "Wojciuk" from Koszarawa
Decoration: profiled pipes and mouthpiece, embellished with metal inlays (geometrical motifs, partly openwork); metal elements of the bells embossed, their openings fitted with openwork covers-dampers; connector between the chanter and the bag in a geometrical (hyperbolic) shape; chanter coloured black
Measurements: 950 mm (length of the drone)
Materials: wood, common reed, goat skin, cattle horn, metal (tin, brass), leather string
Sound compass, tuning: F: c1 – es1 – f1 – g1 – a1 – h1 – c2 – d2
Performance practice: key component of traditional folk bands in southern parts of the Żywiec area (Beskid Żywiecki)
Catalog card by: Lucjan Grajny / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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