pedal accordion

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Jan Adamczyk, pedal accordion; rec. Szydłowiec 2013; IMIT
Local name: pedałówka
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 41 Free aerophones / 412 Interruptive free aerophones / 412.1 Idiophonic interruptive aerophones or reeds / 412.13 Free reeds / 412.132 Sets of free reeds / 412.132-62-8 Sets of free reeds with flexible air reservoir, with keyboard
Maker: Unknown
Date: first half ot the 20th c.
Region: Mazovia (?)
Country: Poland
Owner: The State Ethnographic Museum in Warsaw
Inventory number: PME 3212/1-2
Description: a pedal accordion; called "black"; chromatic; three-row keyboard 14/15/14 melody keys, 24-basses; the bellows connected with the pedals through a pipe
Decoration: body embellished with geometrical inlays; open work with stylized floral motives
Measurements: 380 x 401 x 221 mm, pedals 507 x 385 x 75 mm
Materials: wood, metal, cloth, plastic
Sound compass, tuning: different scales depending on the type and specimen; usually the melody keyboard is arranged in minor-third rows composing the chromatic scale B♭ – b♭''', while the bass side is arranged in the chromatic scale C – b, which makes it possible to get all major triads
Performance practice: after World War I the accordion became a popular component of folk bands, the pedal type being especially popular in Mazovia on the right side of the Vistula river (the region of Kurpie and the area of Garwolin), to some degree also in Podlasie (Podlachia)
Catalog card by: Teresa Lewińska / Zbigniew J. Przerembski

A Round Oberek; The Band from Wielgolas: Stanisław Ptasiński (b. 1937), pedal accordion, Rafał Ptasiński (b. 1984), drum; rec. Kazimierz 1991; Sources of Polish Folk Music

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