double bass

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Local name: maryna
Classification: 3 Chordophones / 32 Composite chordophones / 321 Lutes / 321.3 Handle lutes / 321.32 Necked lutes / 321.322 Necked box lutes or necked guitars / 321.322-71 Necked box lutes or necked guitars sounded by bowing with a bow
Maker: Królikowski Adam
Date: 1970 (1976?)
Village / Town: Żywiec
Region: Lesser Poland
Country: Poland
Owner: Museum of Folk Musical Instruments in Szydłowiec
Inventory number: MS/S/84
Description: a kind of double bass; two strings; trapezoidal body, upper part with steep sides; top plate flat with C-holes, back plate slightly convex; straight ribs; reinforcing batten on the back plate inside; neck without fingerboard; pegbox attached form the top through a bar with three loose metal circles of different diameter; tailpiece flat; a reconstructed instrument
Measurements: 1920 x 483 x 90-110 mm
Materials: wood, metal, catgut
Sound compass, tuning: in 5th
Performance practice: in north Greater Poland (the area of Szamotuły), in Pałuki, and Kujawy a component of folk bands (along with the violin and the clarinet); played without shortening the strings and "the other way round", i.e. the musician holds a motionless bow and shifts the instrument to the sides; maryna is now used in the folk revival
Catalog card by: Maria Żurowska / Zbigniew J. Przerembski

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