photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Zbigniew Wałach, gajdy; rec. Agata Mierzejewska, Żelazowa Wola 2014; NIFC

Zbigniew Wałach; realization: Piotr Chlipalski, Akademia Tradycyjnego Rzemiosła, Zamek Cieszyn 2011 (fragments)
Local name: gajdy
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 422 Reedpipes / 422.2 Reedpipes with single reeds (clarinets) / 422.21 Individual reedpipes with single reeds / 422.211 With cylindrical bore / 422.211.2 With fingerholes / 422.211.2 + 422.211-62 Single-reed chanter with cylindrical bore, with fingerholes + single-reed drone with cylindrical bore, flexible air reservoir for all pipes
Maker: Unknown
Date: beginning of the 20th c.
Village / Town: Istebna
Region: Carpathian area (Beskid Śląski)
Country: Poland
Owner: Museum of Folk Musical Instruments in Szydłowiec
Inventory number: MLIM/MS/936
Description: an instrument with bellows; cylindrical pipes: a chanter (fingerholes 6+1) and a double bend drone, both ending in conical, arched horn-metal bells; bag made of a goat's whole skin with hair on the inside; assembled from parts and preserved by Feliks Jankowski from Żywiec in 1985
Decoration: pipes embellished with turning profiles with metal rings; geometrical patterns embossed on the metal parts of the bells
Measurements: chanter 339 mm, drone 959 mm, bag 455 mm
Materials: wood, leather, metal, horn
Sound compass, tuning: E♭: b♭ – e♭' – f' – g' – a♭' – b♭' – c''
Performance practice: traditional component of Beskid Śląski (Silesian Beskid) folk bands
Catalog card by: Maria Jost / Zbigniew J. Przerembski

A Shepherd Goes over the Ridge, a shepherds' song; Józef Broda, bagpipe (gajdy), vocals; rec. Warsaw 1978; Sources of Polish Folk Music

A dance tune; Jan Skotnior-Krężelok (b. 1897), violin, Marek Fica (b. 1930, Istebna), bagpipe (gajdy); rec. Zakopane 1976; Sources of Polish Folk Music

Timbered Road in Istebna; The Band Wałasi from Koniaków: Zbigniew Wałach (b. 1961, Istebna), violin, vocals, Jan Karczmarzyk (b. 1969), bagpipe (gajdy), vocals, Grzegorz Juraszek (b. 1975), violin; rec. Kazimierz 1994; Sources of Polish Folk Music

Bartek Rybka; rec. Jacek Jackowski, Ciechanowiec 2005; ISPAN

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