bagpipe (bladder pipe)

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Radosław Żak (ur. 1999), siesieńki; rec. Jacek Jackowski, Ciechanowiec 2013; ISPAN
Local name: siesieńki, sierszeńki, sieszynki, sieszynie, sierszynki, sierszynie, pancharzyna
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 422 Reedpipes / 422.2 Reedpipes with single reeds (clarinets) / 422.21 Individual reedpipes with single reeds / 422.211 With cylindrical bore / 422.211.2 With fingerholes / 422.211.2-62 Single-reed chanter with cylindrical bore, with fingerholes, flexible air reservoir Single-reed chanter with cylindrical bore, with fingerholes, flexible air reservoir
Maker: Domagała Franciszek
Date: 1973
Village / Town: Zbąszyń
Region: Greater Poland
Country: Poland
Owner: Museum of Folk Musical Instruments in Szydłowiec
Inventory number: MS/S/165
Description: a single voice bagpipe with bellows; a double bag from an animal bladder; single-reed; a cylindrical chanter with eight fingerholes, one underneath; one tuning hole near the lightly bent conical bell; two metal rings to strengthen the connections
Decoration: zoomorphic connection between the pipe and bag, embellished with metal applications, horns from kiernoz (boar) fangs
Measurements: chanter 400 mm, bellows 280 mm
Materials: wood, reed, bladder, horn, metal, cloth, boar’s fangs, string
Sound compass, tuning: originally not established, after World War II in west Greater Poland the instrument was supplied with a chanter from the white goat tuned in E-flat and with a diatonic scale b♭ – c' – d' – e♭' – f' – g' – a♭' – b♭' – c''
Performance practice: a shepherd’s instrument used at the first stage of learning how to play the bagpipe, after World War II reactivated for didactical purposes in the S. Moniuszko Music School in Zbąszyń, sometimes used in folk revival, too
Catalog card by: MLIM / Zbigniew J. Przerembski

Wiwat, a wedding dance; Jan Pajchrowski (b. 1911, Gnin), sierszeńki; rec. Warsaw 1949; Sources of Polish Folk Music

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