shepherd horn

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Łukasz and Paweł Golec, Instruments with Soul, rec. Maciej Stasiński 2016
Local name: trąba wałaska, róg do pasenia (horn used to shepherd goats, sheep)
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 423 Labrosones (or lip-reed instruments) / 423.1 Natural labrosones / 423.12 Tubular labrosones / 423.121 End-blown labrosones / 423.121.1 End-blown straight labrosones
Maker: Unknown
Date: 1937 or earlier
Village / Town: Korbielów
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/263
Description: body made of a section of a young spruce tree, halved lengthways, hollowed and put back together with glue and metal rings; conical duct
Decoration: body stained dark brown
Measurements: 2650 x 95 x 33 mm
Materials: wood, metal
Sound compass, tuning: the player may produce individual sounds of a harmonic series (aliquots) by increasing or reducing the force with which he blows air into the horn; tuning depends on the instrument's length
Performance practice: originally used for signalling, driving spirits away (mainly by shepherds); nowadays used by artists of the folk revival
Catalog card by: Magdalena Meres / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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