photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Local name: piscołka, piscàłka
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 421 Edge instruments or flutes / 421.2 Flutes with duct or duct flutes / 421.22 Flutes with internal duct / 421.221 (Single) flutes with internal duct / 421.221.1 Open flutes with internal duct / 421.221.12 Open flutes with internal duct, with fingerholes
Maker: Unknown
Date: 1951
Village / Town: Pietrzykowice
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/2382
Description: body made from a tree branch covered in bark; seven fingerholes and one thumbhole (7 + 1); probably instruments of this type were modelled on German recorders and are native to Beskid Żywiecki and Beskid Śląski, they were not popular elsewhere in the Polish Carpathian mountains
Decoration: varnished
Measurements: 605 x 30 mm
Materials: wood
Sound compass, tuning: diatonic, major scale; the range of two octaves may be achieved with the use of overblowing; the player may produce chromatic sounds using the piper's grip (which is rare in folk performance practice); an individual flute's tone and tuning depends on the layout of fingerholes, the instrument's size and precision of its execution
Performance practice: played solo
Catalog card by: Lucjan Grajny / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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