vessel flute

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Local name: okarina, leokaryna, łokaryna, sulka; okaryna, piszczałka okarynowa (określenia wytwórcy)
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 421 Edge instruments or flutes / 421.2 Flutes with duct or duct flutes / 421.22 Flutes with internal duct / 421.221 (Single) flutes with internal duct / 421.221.4 Vessel flutes with duct / 421.221.42 With fingerholes / 421.221.422 Vessel flutes with duct, with two or more fingerholes
Maker: Szczotka Franciszek
Date: 1983
Village / Town: Kiczyce
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/1948

cylindrical body of spindle-like profile, with eight fingerholes in two rows and two thumbholes; the lower end is stopped; similar to the ocarina

Decoration: stained light brown
Measurements: 190 x 40 mm
Materials: wood
Sound compass, tuning: diatonic, major scale; the range of two octaves may be achieved with the use of overblowing; the player may produce chromatic sounds using the piper's grip (which is rare in folk performance practice); an individual flute's tone and tuning depends on the layout of fingerholes, the instrument's size and precision of its execution
Catalog card by: Lucjan Grajny / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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