vessel flute

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Rafał Bałaś, The Golec Brothers Foundation; rec. Maciej Stasiński, Żywiec 2017
Local name: okarina, leokaryna, łokaryna, sulka
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 421 Edge instruments or flutes / 421.2 Flutes with duct or duct flutes / 421.22 Flutes with internal duct / 421.221 (Single) flutes with internal duct / 421.221.4 Vessel flutes with duct / 421.221.42 With fingerholes / 421.221.422 Vessel flutes with duct, with two or more fingerholes
Maker: Szczotka Franciszek
Date: 1980
Village / Town: Kiczyce
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/1868
Description: spindle-shaped body, with seven finger holes in two rows (3 + 4) and one thumbhole; a type of ocarina
Decoration: stained brown
Measurements: 160 x 44 x 30 mm
Materials: wood (plum?)
Sound compass, tuning: diatonic, octatonic; by blowing lighter or stronger the player may produce chromatic sounds (which is not typical in folk practice); tone and tuning depends on the layout of fingerholes, the instrument's size and precision of its execution
Performance practice: traditional instrument used by shepherds and in folk bands, especially those playing at weddings
Catalog card by: Barbara Rosiek / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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