photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Michał Zawada, The Golec Brothers Foundation; rec. Maciej Stasiński, Żywiec 2017
Local name: harmònijà, heligonka
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 41 Free aerophones / 412 Interruptive free aerophones / 412.1 Idiophonic interruptive aerophones or reeds / 412.13 Free reeds / 412.132 Sets of free reeds / 412.132-62-8 Sets of free reeds with flexible air reservoir, with keyboard
Maker: Unknown
Producer: factory-made
Date: before 1939
Region: the Carpathian region
Country: Czechoslovakia
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/1807
Description: two-row diatonic accordion with 10+11 melody buttons and 8 bass buttons; produces different sounds when the bellows are compressed and expanded
Decoration: body stained dark brown, adorned with light brown floral patters, motif of lyre and geometrical openwork
Measurements: 300 x 400 mm
Materials: wood, metal, fabric, paper, synthetic material
Inscriptions: HELIGONKA inscribed on the body
Sound compass, tuning: different compass and tuning depending on the type of accordion
Performance practice: played both solo and as as part of folk bands of the Carpathian region
Catalog card by: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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