Żywiec bagpipes

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Rafał Bałaś, The Golec Brothers Foundation; rec. Maciej Stasiński, Żywiec 2017
Local name: dudy, gajdy
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 422 Reedpipes / 422.2 Reedpipes with single reeds (clarinets) / 422.21 Individual reedpipes with single reeds / 422.211 With cylindrical bore / 422.211.2 With fingerholes / 422.211.2 + 422.211-62 Single-reed chanter with cylindrical bore, with fingerholes + single-reed drone with cylindrical bore, flexible air reservoir for all pipes
Maker: Jankowski Feliks
Date: 1980
Village / Town: Żywiec
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/1870
Description: mouth-blown instrument made of cylindrical, single-reed pipes: a chanter (6+1 fingerholes) and a drone, both ending in conical, arched, two-part bells; bag made of a whole skin, the white fur on the outside
Decoration: profiled pipes and mouthpiece, embellished with metal inlays (geometrical motifs, partly openwork); metal elements of the bells embossed, their openings fitted with openwork covers-dampers; connector between the chanter and the bag in a zoomorphic shape (stylised goat's head with long horns); connector between the drone and the bag shaped to remind one of goat's horns
Measurements: 530 x 1010 mm
Materials: wood, common reed, goat skin, cattle horn, metal (tin, brass), leather string, synthetic material
Sound compass, tuning: F: c1 – es1 – f1 – g1 – a1 – h1 – c2 – d2
Performance practice: key component of traditional folk bands in southern parts of the Żywiec area (Beskid Żywiecki)
Catalog card by: Barbara Rosiek / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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