wooden folk horn

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Local name: ligawa, ligawka, legawa, legawka
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 423 Labrosones (or lip-reed instruments) / 423.1 Natural labrosones / 423.12 Tubular labrosones / 423.121 End-blown labrosones / 423.121.1 End-blown straight labrosones / 423.121.12 End-blown straight labrosones, with mouthpiece
Maker: Ciszewski
Date: 1901
Village / Town: Ostrołęka
Region: Mazovia (Kurpie)
Country: Poland
Owner: The State Ethnographic Museum in Warsaw
Inventory number: PME 39097
Description: a kind of horn (conical profile), made from a branch that is cut along in two halves, then each is hollowed, and finally both are put back together with the help of pitch or wrapped together with string hoops
Measurements: length 1350 mm
Materials: wood, string
Sound compass, tuning: harmonics (aliquots) uttered by stronger or weaker blowing
Performance practice: formerly used as a signal instrument (mainly in herding); since 19th c. used during Advent and watchnight service on Christmas Eve (mainly in north-east and east regions of Poland), nowadays as part of folk revival
Catalog card by: Teresa Lewińska / Zbigniew J. Przerembski

wooden folk horn (ligawka); Andrzej Klejzerowicz (b. 1961); rec. Ciechanowiec 2005; ISPAN

wooden folk horn (ligawka); Jan Maliszewski (b. 1927); rec. Wieska 2006; ISPAN

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