accordionLocal name: harmonia ciągana (pulled accordion, hand accordion)
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 41 Free aerophones / 412 Interruptive free aerophones / 412.1 Idiophonic interruptive aerophones or reeds / 412.13 Free reeds / 412.132 Sets of free reeds / 412.132-62-8 Sets of free reeds with flexible air reservoir, with keyboard
Maker: Grobelkiewicz J.
Date: first half of the 20th c.
Village / Town: Buszkówek
Owner: Museum of Folk Musical Instruments in Szydłowiec
Inventory number: MLIM/MS/1288
Description: an accordion; called "white"; diatonic; two-row melody keyboard (15+16 keys), twelve basses (buttons)
Decoration: body embellished with engraved floral and anthropomorphic motives; open work with floral and zoomorphic patterns
Measurements: 384 x 210 x 210 mm
Materials: wood, metal, leather, paper, plastic
Sound compass, tuning: different tones produced while pulling and pressing the bellows; modeled on German two-row accordions with the chromatic scale g – g''' or c – a'''
Performance practice: after World War I the accordion became a popular component of folk bands (together with the violin and the drum); the "pulled" type being especially popular in Mazovia on the left side of the Vistula river (the areas of Łowicz and Rawa Mazowiecka) and in north Lesser Poland (the areas of Radom and Kielce)
Catalog card by: Monika Sadura / Zbigniew J. Przerembski
The Kujon Dance; The Stefan Winnicki Band from Łowicz: Stefan Winnicki (b. 1929), accordion, Józef Kossowski (b. 1934), violin, Henryk Muras (b. 1939), drum; rec. 1983; Sources of Polish Folk Music