double bass

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Rafał Bałaś, double bass, Zbigniew Wałach, double flute; rec. Agata Mierzejewska, Żelazowa Wola 2014; NIFC (Beskid Śląski)

The Band Pogórzanie; rec. Andrzej Bieńkowski. Kazimierz 1988; Music Lost & Found (Tarnów area)
Local name: basy (basses), kontrabas
Classification: 3 Chordophones / 32 Composite chordophones / 321 Lutes / 321.3 Handle lutes / 321.32 Necked lutes / 321.322 Necked box lutes or necked guitars / 321.322-71 Necked box lutes or necked guitars sounded by bowing with a bow
Maker: Unknown
Date: beginning of the 20th c.
Village / Town: Grodzisko Górne (?)
Region: Lesser Poland (Subcarpathia)
Country: Poland
Owner: The State Ethnographic Museum in Warsaw
Inventory number: PME 49034
Description: modeled on (or made from) the profesional double bass; two-piece back plate; tuning machines in the pegbox
Measurements: 192 x 670/410/560 x 222 mm
Materials: wood, metal, plastic, catgut
Sound compass, tuning: D-A (?)
Performance practice: a double bass, also known as "big basses"; became commonly used in folk bands only in the 20th c.; more expensive than the small basses (of the cello size); fees of big basses players were also higher (apart from the flat fee for performing during a wedding, the pay for every dance was thrown into the double bass, often through a special notch ("door") in the plate; big basses were part of bigger folk bands in Lesser Poland (the areas of Cracow and Rzeszów)
Catalog card by: Teresa Lewińska / Zbigniew J. Przerembski

On With the Music We Go, a krakowiak; The Henryk Kretowicz Band from Głogów Małopolski: Henryk Kretowicz (b. 1913), violin, Franciszka Oczoś (b. 1948), violin, Eugeniusz Oczoś (b. 1942), double bass, Jan Cebula (b. 1938), clarinet in B-flat; rec. Wrocław 1983; Sources of Polish Folk Music

A Bride's Tune; The Sowa Family Band from Piątkowa: Wojciech Sowa (1911-1977), violin, Józef Sowa (1903-1979), violin, Józef Sowa (1904-1983), dulcimer, Piotr Sowa (1911-1997), double bass, Jan Krztoń (ur. 1937), clarinet in B-flat; rec. Kazimierz 1976; Sources of Polish Folk Music

A Wedding Mazurka (for the capping); The Karol Maciaszek Band from Siekierczyna: Karol Maciaszek (1900-1980), violin, vocals, Jan Baran (1900-1985), violin, Karol Baran (1906-1983), double bass; rec. Kraków 1976; Sources of Polish Folk Music

<< Back