złóbcoki (fiddle)Local name: złóbcoki (carved fiddle)
Classification: 3 Chordophones / 32 Composite chordophones / 321 Lutes / 321.3 Handle lutes / 321.32 Necked lutes / 321.322 Necked box lutes or necked guitars / 321.322-71 Necked box lutes or necked guitars sounded by bowing with a bow
Maker: Bednarz Andrzej
Village / Town: Zakopane
Region: Carpathian area (Podhale)
Owner: Museum of Folk Musical Instruments in Szydłowiec
Inventory number: MS/1550
Description: Back plate, ribs, pegbox, scroll and endpin carved from one piece; polygonal body; double purfling on the top plate; four strings; f-holes without crosswise cuts; high standard of workmanship. The złóbcoki that served as model for this instrument had been inherited by Andrzej Knapczyk Duch from his ancestor who, according to family accounts, had got it from the famous Podhale highland robber Mateja. It was also played by Jan Krzeptowski Sabała. Its last owner was the well known highland musician and instrument maker Bolesław Trzmiel from Zakopane.
Measurements: 547-363 x 61-90 x 42 mm
Materials: wood, metal
Inscriptions: on the pegbox: A. Bednarz / Zakopane; a slip of paper inside the body, on the back plate says: Kopja ze starych słynnych gęślików / w posiadaniu słynnego gęślarza [Andrzeja Knapczyka] Ducha [1886-1946, z Cichego] / wykonał A. Bednarz, Zakopane 1927
Sound compass, tuning: in 5th, g – d' – a' – e''
Performance practice: an instrument with a limited sound power, used in the Podhale region before the violin became popular there; nowadays used in the folk revival
Catalog card by: MLIM / Zbigniew J. Przerembski
Sabała Melody; Jan Stoch (b. 1931, Ząb), złóbcoki; rec. Ząb 1976; Sources of Polish Folk Music
Florian Walkosz (Zakopane, Olcza), złóbcoki; rec. Jacek Jackowski, Ciechanowiec 2012; IMIT